HbA1c, What is It?
We Know that HbA1C is tested as a three-month average. The reason for this is because the average lifespan of a red blood cell is approximately four months. A red blood cell is an iron-containing complex protein. The hemoglobin is what gives blood its rich red color. Red blood cells carry oxygen-rich blood to the lungs, collects the carbon dioxide and then returns again with oxygen-rich blood. This process repeats over and over again.
Hemoglobin A1C has other aliases such as glycohemoglobin, glycated hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin and finally HbA1C. Hemoglobin is a component in which the glucose binds. The higher the concentration, the more binding there is. The sugar(glucose) likes to stick to the protein in the red blood cell. The protein is the hemoglobin. The longer it is there and the higher the concentration, the harder it is to vacate.
A normal HbA1C is 4% for someone who does not have diabetes. For people with diabetes and are under good glucose control they are around 5.9% to a 7% HbA1C. When you start to get into the higher ranges especially for prolonged periods of time, you start to see complications. Some of those include neuropathy, kidney damage, bleeding behind the eye. It can even become much worse resulting in heart disease, stroke and even loss of appendages or life. All this can be preventable by eating healthy and keeping HbA1c in good control.